Department of Physics and Astronomy

Wednesday Seminars

2017/2018

Yunfeng Jiang (ETH)

18 October 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: TBA.

Abstract: TBA.

Ingmar Saberi (Saclay)

11 October 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: TBA.

Abstract: TBA.

Pedro Liendo (DESY)

4 October 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: TBA.

Abstract: TBA.

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2016/2017

Dongwook Ghim (Seoul Nat'l University)

21 June 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Elliptic Genera of 2d (0, 2) gauge theories from Brane Brick Models.

Abstract: I will present recent developments in understanding the dynamics of 2d (0,2) supersymmetric gauge theories, in particular obtained by a novel brane construction, called brane brick.  Those theories are world-volume theories of D1 brane which transverse geometry is given by non-compact toric Calabi-Yau 4-cone. Briefly reviewing their construction and nice interplay between physics and geometry around them, I will introduce the recent progress in quantitative study of them with elliptic genus, an elliptic analog of Witten index. Recent findings suggest that non-linear sigma model (NLSM), which target space is a toric CY4 we probe, arises at the IR fixed point of RG flow triggered at 2d (0,2) gauge theories from brane brick. Several subtle but important issues, like gauge anomaly, in defining and computing the elliptic genus would be also discussed.

Sergio Benvenuti (SISSA)

16 June 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Abelianization and Sequential Confinement in 2 + 1 dimensions.

Abstract: We consider the lagrangian description of Argyres-Douglas theories of type A2N−1, which is a SU(N) gauge theory with an adjoint and one fundamental flavor. An appropriate reformulation allows us to map the moduli space of vacua across the duality, and to dimensionally reduce. Going down to three dimensions, we find that the adjoint SQCD “abelianizes”: in the infrared it is equivalent to a N = 4 linear quiver theory. Moreover, we study the mirror dual: using a monopole duality to ”sequentially confine” quivers tails with balanced nodes, we show that the mirror RG flow lands on N = 4 SQED with N flavors. These results provide a physical derivation of previous proposals for the three dimensional mirror of AD theories. A crucial ingredient in our analysis is a concept of chiral ring stability, that dynamically removes some superpotential terms.

Marcus Berg (Karlstads)

15 June 2017

Å73121 - 11.15

Title: Hybrid String Amplitudes and RNS.

Abstract: The RNS/pure spinor hybrid formalism for computing string amplitudes can keep less-than-maximal supersymmetry manifest. It also provides a natural description of backgrounds sourced by RR fields, like Anti-de Sitter space. I will give a brief introduction and sketch a few tree-level and one-loop string amplitude calculations, some old and some work in progress, e.g. recreating flat-space results from arXiv:1603.05262.

Alexios Polychronakos (CUNY)

13 June 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Duality, Solitons and Hydrodynamics in Generalized Calogero Models.

Abstract: TBA.

Peter Koroteev (UC Davis)

07 June 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: BPS/CFT and Large-N Gauge Theories.

Abstract: We shall revisit the BPS/CFT correspondence (AGT in particular) in the context of recent progress in mathematical literature. It was found that representations of some algebras (i.e. double affine Hecke algebra) or rank N have interesting stable limits when N becomes large. These observations have both physical and mathematical significance, in particular one may formulate the BPS/CFT correspondence in this way. I shall review recent results and work in progress on these matters.

Francesco Sala (IPMU)

02 June 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: From instanton counting to Cohomological Hall algebras.

Abstract: Cohomological Hall algebras associated with preprojective algebras of quivers play a preeminent role in geometric representation theory and mathematical physics. For example, if the preprojective algebra is the one of the Jordan quiver (i.e., the quiver with one vertex and one loop), the corresponding CoHA contains the Maulik-Okounkov Yangian associated with the Jordan quiver. It acts on the equivariant cohomology of Hilbert schemes of points on the complex affine plane ("extending" the previous results of Nakajima, Grojnowski, Vasserot, etc for actions of Heisenberg algebras) and of moduli spaces of framed sheaves on the complex projective plane. The latter action yields an action of W-algebras and hence provides a proof of the Alday-Gaiotto-Tachikawa conjecture for pure supersymmetric gauge theories on the real four-dimensional space. In the present talk, I will introduce and describe CoHAs associated with the stack of Higgs sheaves on a smooth projective curve. Moreover, I will address the connections with representation theory and gauge theory.

Amihay Hanany (Imperial College)

31 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Five Dimensional Gauge Theories and Higgs branch at Infinite Coupling.

Abstract: A long standing problem is to figure out the Higgs branch of a 5d supersymmetric gauge theory when all parameters are set to zero. Such theories are generically constructed with branes by a web of five branes in Type IIB superstring theory. The problem is solved in an elegant way by presenting a 3d N=4 quiver theory, invoking an interesting 5d-3d correspondence. The Coulomb branch of the 3d gauge theory is the Higgs branch at infinite coupling of the 5d gauge theory, both being HyperKahler cones. Many features of the 5d theory including mesons, baryons and relatively new objects called instanton operators are captured by monopole operators, casimir invariants, and dressed monopole operators of the 3d theory.

Gabriele Ferretti (Chalmers)

24 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Gauge theories of partial compositeness.

Abstract: We present a class of gauge theories in which the Higgs boson arises as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (pNGB) and top-partners arise as bound states of three hyperfermions. A common feature they all share is the presence of specific additional scalar resonances, namely two neutral singlets and a colored octet, described by a simple effective Lagrangian. We study the phenomenology of these scalars and develop a generic framework which can be used to constrain them.

Piotr Surowka (Harvard)

17 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Topology, supersymmetry and hydrodynamics.

Abstract: Fluid mechanics can be formulated in terms of effective actions. However, different quantum field theories can lead to different fluids. Microscopic details are encapsulated in the hydrodynamic gradient expansion and a set of transport coefficients that include, for example, viscosity or coefficients due to quantum anomalies. First I will explain how effective actions can be constructed for non-dissipative fluids. Next I will show how to include dissipation which leads to supersymmetric degrees of freedom. I will explicitly analyze the Langevin dynamics, the simplest model that illustrates a construction of the effective action for a dissipative system.

Johanna Knapp (Vienna)

15 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Gauged Linear Sigma Model, Calabi-Yaus and Hemisphere Partition Function.

Abstract: The gauged linear sigma model (GLSM) is a supersymmetric gauge
theory in two dimensions which captures information about Calabi-Yaus and
their moduli spaces. Recent result in supersymmetric localization provide
new tools for computing quantum corrections in string compactifications.
This talk will focus in particular on the hemisphere partition function in
the GLSM which computes the quantum corrected central charge of B-type
D-branes. Several concrete examples of GLSMs and the application of the
hemisphere partition function in the context of transporting D-branes in
the Kahler moduli space will be given.

Sergey Alexandrov (Montpellier)

10 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: D-instantons, mock modular forms and BPS partition functions.

Abstract: I'll discuss the modular properties of D3-brane instantons
appearing in Calabi-Yau string compactifications. I'll show that
the D3-instanton contribution to a certain geometric potential on
the hypermultiplet moduli space can be related to the elliptic
genus of (0,4) SCFT. The modular properties of the potential imply
that the elliptic genus associated with non-primitive divisors
of Calabi-Yau is only mock modular. I'll show how to construct
its modular completion and to make manifest the modular invariance 
of the twistorial construction of D-instanton corrected hypermultiplet
moduli space.

Juan Pedraza (Amsterdam)

3 May 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Linear response of entanglement entropy from holography.

Abstract: In this talk I will present recent results of the propagation of entanglement entropy after a global quench in the context of AdS/CFT. I will start by reviewing the heuristic picture for the entanglement propagation after instantaneous quenches dubbed as 'entanglement tsunami', and explain why this interpretation fails for general quenches and entangling regions. In the second part of the talk I will present an analytic perturbative calculation for small subregions and show that in this regime the spread of entanglement exhibit some distinct features, most notably, that the instantaneous rate of growth is not constrained by causality, but rather its time average. Finally, I will argue that for small subregions, the growth of entanglement after general global quenches can be physically understood in terms of a linear response theory.

Vishnu Jejjala (Johannesburg)

26 April 2017

Å3419 - 13.45

Title: Hot Attractors.

Abstract: Non-extremal black holes, which emit thermal Hawking radiation, have two horizons: the event horizon or outer horizon and the Cauchy horizon or inner horizon. Surprisingly, for a broad class of solutions to the Einstein equations, the product of the areas of the inner and outer horizons is the square of the area of the horizon of the zero temperature black hole obtained from taking the smooth extremal limit. We use the attractor mechanism in supergravity to motivate this result. Non-extremal geometries at the Reissner-Nordström point, where the scalar moduli are held fixed, can be lifted to solutions in supergravity with a near-horizon AdS3×S2. These solutions have the same entropy and temperature as the original black hole and therefore allow an interpretation of the underlying gravitational degrees of freedom in terms of CFT2. Symmetries of the moduli space enable us to explicate the origin of entropy in the extremal limit.

Nadav Drukker (King's)

19 April 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Matrix models for the gauge-gravity correspondence.

Abstract: Localization reduces the calculation of certain observables in supersymmetric field theories to matrix models. I will review three examples of matrix models that arise in N=4 SYM and ABJM theory. In particular I will focus on how the solution of the matrix model, either the exact solution, or the large N one, leads to exact predictions for the AdS duals of these theories. In the case of the Schur index, there is still no satisfactory holographic counterpart to the gauge theory result.

Ilmar Gaharamanov (MPI)

12 April 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Progress in integrable statistical models inspired by supersymmetric gauge theories.

Abstract: Recently, there has been observed several connections of integrable models to supersymmetric gauge theories and special functions of hypergeometric type. One of such connections is a correspondence between supersymmetric quiver gauge theories and integrable lattice models such that the integrability emerges as a manifestation of supersymmetric dualities. Particularly, partition functions of supersymmetric quiver gauge theories with four supercharge on different manifolds can be identified with partition functions of two-dimensional exactly solvable statistical models. This relationship has led to the construction of new exactly solvable models of statistical mechanics, namely the Yang-Baxter equation was solved in terms of new special functions. In the talk, I will present some new solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation and related basic and hyperbolic hypergeometric integral identities.

Fabio Riccioni (La Sapienza University)

05 April 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: On orientifold truncations and spacefilling branes.

Abstract: We consider in any dimension the supersymmetric Z_2 truncations of the maximal supergravity theories. These include all orientifold truncations together with additional truncations that can be formally interpreted as being generated by non-perturbative duals of the orientifold planes. In each dimension and for each truncation we determine all the sets of space-filling branes that preserve the supersymmetry of the truncated theory. We show that in any dimension below eight these sets always contain exotic branes, that are objects that do not have a ten-dimensional origin. We finally repeat the same analysis for half-maximal theories and for the N=2 theory in four dimensions.

David Marsh (Cambridge)

29 March 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Many-field inflation.

Abstract: nflation provides a remarkably simple explanation of the origin of structure in the universe. However, the micro-physics governing inflation is poorly known, and even some of the most basic questions like “What degrees of freedom were dynamically important in the early universe?” remains unanswered. Present cosmological observations are consistent with single-field models of inflation, but, as I will review, multi-field models are both theoretically well-motivated and phenomenologically rich. Unfortunately, they are also hard to study. This has confined the vast majority of previous studies to the two-field case, while the general case of N ≫1 interacting fields has remained intractable. In this talk, I will present a new method for studying models of many-field inflation using non-equilibrium random matrix theory, and I will discuss the generation of observables during inflation in these models. Strikingly, as the number of interacting fields (and hence the complexity of the model) increases, the power spectra of curvature perturbations simplify, and become more predictive. These simplifications can be attributed to eigenvalue repulsion in the Hessian matrix, which can be expected to extend to a much broader class of models than those studied here. I will present explicit results for N=100 fields, and briefly discuss observational targets for the next generation of cosmological experiments. 

Lorenzo Bianchi (DESY)

22 March 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Conformal defects: from entanglement to emitted radiation.

Abstract: In this talk, after introducing conformal defects and describing some of their interesting features, I will apply this general framework to two apparently unrelated fields. First I will discuss Rényi entropies in conformal field theories and then the Bremsstrahlung function for integrable superconformal field theories (in particular N=4 SYM and ABJM). In conclusion, I will point out some interesting relations and connections between these two examples.

Can Kozcaz (Harvard)

15 March 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Cheshire Cat Resurgence and Self-Resurgence.

Abstract: We explore a one parameter ζ-deformation of the quantum-mechanical Sine-Gordon and Double-Well potentials which we call the Double Sine-Gordon (DSG) and the Tilted Double Well (TDW), respectively. In these systems, for positive integer values of ζ, the lowest ζ states turn out to be exactly solvable for DSG – a feature known as Quasi-Exact-Solvability (QES) – and solvable to all orders in perturbation theory for TDW. For DSG such states do not show any instanton-like dependence on the coupling constant, although the action has real saddles. On the other hand, although it has no real saddles, the TDW admits all-orders perturbative states that are not normalizable, and hence, requires a non-perturbative energy shift. Both of these puzzles are solved by including complex saddles. We also show that the perturbative series is self-resurgent, a one-to-one relation between the early terms of the perturbative expansion and the late terms of the same expansion. 

Alexandros Anastasiou (Nordita)

08 March 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Yang-Mills origin of gravitational symmetries.

Abstract: A recurring theme in the attempts of understanding the quantum theory of gravity is the idea of “gravity as the square of Yang-Mills”. This involves the tensoring of the multiplet content of two super-Yang-Mills theories to obtain the multiplet content of a supergravity theory. A complete understanding of this correspondence requires studying how the gravitational symmetries originate from the corresponding Yang-Mills factors. In this talk I will show how both the global and local symmetries of linear supergravity arise from the corresponding super-Yang-Mills ones through a dictionary between both fields and transformation parameters. Finally, I will comment on how the dictionary seems to restrict the study of dynamics to particular gauge choices.

Yang-Hui He (Oxford)

01 March 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Gauge Theories: Quivers, Dessins and Calabi-Yau.

Abstract: We discuss how bipartite graphs on Riemann surfaces capture a wealth of information about the physics and the mathematics of large classes of gauge theories, especially those arising from string theory in the context of AdS/CFT.

The dialogue between the physics, the underlying algebraic geometry of Calabi-Yau varieties, the combinatorics of dimers and toric varieties, as well as the number theory of dessin d'enfants becomes particularly intricate and fruitful under this light.

Daisuke Yokoyama (King's)

22 February 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Localization of supersymmetric field theories on non-compact hyperbolic three-manifolds.

Abstract: I am going to talk about how to derive an exact partition function of supersymmetric field theories on a supersymmetry-preserving quotient of Euclidean AdS_3 by localization. We utilized three-methods to compute 1-loop contributions because the situation in non-compact space is quite different from the one in compact space, and we wanted to make ourselves be confident about the result. I will explain at least one method out of three depending on time, and discuss the features of the partition function we derived.

Nicolò Petri (Milano Statale)

15 February 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: TBA

Abstract: TBA

Diego Rodriguez-Gomez (Oviedo)

08 February 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Correlation functions in 4d N=2 theories.

Abstract: Correlation functions are central objects in QFT. Owing to very recent results using localization, correlators for Chiral Primary Operators (CPO’s) in 4d N=2 CFT’s can be exactly computed. In this talk we will be interested on correlators for CPO’s in large N theories, focusing in particular on N=4 SYM as well as on necklace quivers arising from its orbifolding (which, in a corner of parameter space, reduce to superconformal QCD). In the N=4 SYM case we will recover the well-known non-renormalization theorem. In the case of necklace quivers, at the perturbative orbifold point, we find that untwisted sector operators follow the same behavior as N=4, while for twisted sector operators we find striking cancellations. We also compute correlation functions between CPO’s and Wilson lines, finding, in a completely different manner, striking agreement with the conjectured matrix model of Giombi & Pestun. As a by-product of our computations, we find a factorized structure of the final result for the large-N partition function.

Lotte Hollands (Heriot-Watt)

01 February 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: BPS states, spectral networks and non-Langrangian QFT's.

Abstract: BPS states in four-dimensional quantum field theories have a geometric interpretation in terms of so-called spectral networks on two-dimensional (punctured) Riemann surfaces. In this talk I will explain that the relevant spectral networks for non-Lagrangian theories can be generated from generalized Strebel differentials. I will describe how one can count the BPS states as special Lagrangian discs ending on the spectral network, and make this very concrete in one particularly interesting example, the E6 Minahan-Nemeschansky theory. Some rather beautiful pictures come up!

Shamil Shakirov (Harvard)

25 January 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Refined Chern-Simons theory at genus 0,1,2.

Abstract: TBA

Antonio Pittelli (Surrey)

18 January 2017

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Dualities and Integrability in Low Dimensional AdS/CFT.

Abstract: Dual superconformal symmetry (DSC) underlies  the duality between scattering amplitudes and Wilson loops in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. Via AdS/CFT, this corresponds to the invariance of the AdS_5 x S^5 superstring action under specific T-dualities. Furthermore, DSC and T-self-duality are deeply connected with the integrability and the Yangian symmetry of the model. We show that this symmetry holds also for AdS_2 x M^8 and AdS_3 x M^7 superstrings with exceptional isometry supergroups, which imply the DSC of their still mysterious CFT duals. We then focus on AdS_2 x S^2 x T^6 superstrings and discuss their peculiar worldsheet S-matrix, as well as the infinite dimensional symmetry behind the model: the Y[gl_c(1|1)] Yangian.

Alessandro Pini (Oviedo)

14 December 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Hilbert Series and aspects of the moduli space of instantons on CP^2.

Abstract:  In the first part of the talk I give an introduction to the computational tool called "Hilbert Series" (HS). I analyze how it can be employed for the characterization of the moduli space of vacua of a QFT and of the moduli space of instantons. Then, in the second part of the talk, I discuss the moduli space of (framed) self-dual instantons on CP^2. These are described by an ADHM-like construction which allows to compute the Hilbert Series of the moduli space. The latter has been found to be blind to certain compact directions. I probe these directions, finding them to correspond to a Grassmanian, upon considering appropriate ungaugings. Moreover I discuss the ADHM-like construction of instantons on CP^2/Z_n as well as compute its Hilbert series. As in the unorbifolded case, these turn out to coincide with those for instantons on C^2/Z_n.

David Vegh (Utrecht)

7 December 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Segmented strings.

Abstract: Segmented strings in flat space are piecewise linear string solutions. Kinks between the segments move with the speed of light and their worldlines form a lattice on the worldsheet. This description can be generalized to anti-de Sitter spacetime where the string motion is non-linear. In this talk, I will review the properties of segmented strings and relate them to discrete-time Toda-type lattices.

Masanori Hanada (Stanford and Kyoto)

30 November 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Black Holes and Random Matrices.

Abstract: Maldacena suggested that the late-time behavior of the correlation functions can diagnose the discrete energy spectrum of the black hole microstates. In order to determine such long-time property in the quantum field theories dual to black holes, we consider the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model as an ideal toy model. We study the correlation functions and the spectral form factor, which is essentially the analytic continuation of the thermal partition function to the Minkowski time, and numerically demonstrate that the long-time behavior of the spectral form factor of the SYK model is reproduced by the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We argue that super Yang-Mills theory would exhibit the same property, and comment on possible implications to quantum gravity.

Costis Papageorgakis (Queen Mary)

23 November 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: The Nekrasov-Shatashvili Limit of the 5D Superconformal Index.

Abstract:  I will motivate and introduce the Nekrasov-Shatashvili (NS) limit of the five-dimensional N=1 superconformal index. I will then summarise recent results of Cordova and Shao, who related the so-called Schur limit of the four-dimensional N=2 index to the BPS spectrum of 4D theories on the Coulomb branch. Finally, I will describe how the technology of Cordova-Shao can also reproduce the NS index in 5D for simple examples of U(1) theories. In this picture, the 5D instanton solitons are interpreted as additional flavour nodes to an associated 5D BPS quiver.

Cyril Closset (CERN)

16 November 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: The three-dimensional A-twist and supersymmetric partition functions.

Abstract: Three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric theories can be defined on curved spaces, such as the three-sphere, that preserve (at least) half of the supersymmetry of flat space. To a large extend, this can be understood in terms of the topological A-twist of a two-dimensional N=(2,2) supersymmetric theory obtained by compactification on a circle. In this talk, I will show how this 2d point of view allows us to compute supersymmetric partition functions of 3d N=2 gauge theories (and other correlation functions of loop operators) on any U(1) principal bundle over a Riemann surface Sigma_g. This includes in particular the round three-sphere partition function, and the so-called twisted indices on the product spaces Sigma_g*S^1. I will also discuss some applications of those results.

Sara Pasquetti (Milano Bicocca)

09 November 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: 3d N=2 dualities with monopole superpotentials.

Abstract: D3 branes stretching between webs of (p,q) 5branes provide an interesting class of 3d N=2 theories. IIB S-duality is realized as 3d mirror symmetry. In the Abelian case we use the Kapustin-Strassler piece-wise dualization to obtain the low energy description of D3 branes ending on pq-webs made of many coincident NS5's intersecting one D5. Interestingly, these theories involve monopole operators in the superpotential.  We also consider generalizations to non Abelian gauge theories, leading to Aharony-Seiberg dualities with monopole superpotentials.

Yang Zhang (ETH)

02 November 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: A ZURIch-based InTEgral-determination method.

Abstract: Multiloop amplitude is very important for the study of LHC physics. Given large number of Feynman diagrams, we need to consider the reduction to a small number of master integrals. Usually this is achieved by Integration-by-parts (IBP) relations, however, IBP computation is often very heavy. In this talk, we show the recent progress of IBP reduction, based on generalized unitarity and new mathematical method: computational algebraic geometry. Our package, AZURITE, which is designed to find master integrals will be presented. 

Mathew Bullimore (Oxford)

26 October 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Vortices and Vermas.

Abstract: In 3d gauge theories, monopole operators create and destroy vortices. I will explore this idea in the context of 3d supersymmetric gauge theories in the presence of an omega background, and explain how it leads to a finite version of the AGT correspondence.

Johan Blåbäck (Saclay)

19 October 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: There and back again: A T-brane's tale.

Abstract: In some particular backgrounds the non-Abelian dynamics of a
stack of Dp-branes can be described by an Abelian polarised D(p+2)-brane
with worldvolume flux.  By investigating the defining equations for
T-branes, we find a new "polarised" state for a stack of non-Abelian
Dp-branes where the "polarised" frame is a single Abelian Dp-brane where the
original T-branes data is encoded as worldvolume curvature. We will join an
explicit T-brane construction's journey through T-dualities and brane
polarisation to reach this new Abelian T-brane description.

Seyed Morteza Hosseini (Milano Bicocca)

12 October 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: The origin of AdS black hole/string microstates from topologically twisted index.

Abstract: We provide general formulae for the topologically twisted index of a general three/four-dimensional N = 2 / N = 1 quiver gauge theories in the limits for which holography becomes applicable. After reviewing the results for the ABJM theory, we move to compute the index of N = 4 SYM and N = 1 Klebanov-Witten theory, and reproduce the "entropy" of AdS_5 black strings. An extremization of the index with respect to a set of chemical potentials is required which is equivalent to the c-extremization principle. As a final bonus, our computations reveal an intriguing universal RG flow from 3d/4d to 1d/2d.

Alessandro Sfondrini (ETH)

5 October 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Integrable bootstrap in AdS/CFT.

Abstract: I will review how symmetries and integrability techniques can be used to efficiently compute certain AdS/CFT observables exactly. For most of my talk, I will be focusing on the AdS3/CFT2 backgrounds, and more specifically on the spectrum of AdS3xS3xT4 and AdS3xS3xS3xS1 super-strings in the planar (or 't Hooft) limit. I will introduce the rich physics of these backgrounds, that are related to the D1-D5 system, to CFT2s with N=(4,4) super-conformal symmetry, and in a certain limit higher-spin theories. Interestingly, and despite considerable efforts, many features of these AdS/CFT setups remain to be understood. Leaving aside most technical details, I will introduce the "integrable bootstrap" approach on the string world-sheet, highlight some key physical features that it has revealed, and discuss how it can be used to address open questions. I will conclude by sketching how this approach can be adapted to compute more general observables, such as form factors, three-point functions and one-point functions in the presence of defects.

Marco Chiodaroli (Uppsala)

28 September 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: N=2 supergravities as double copies of gauge theories.

Abstract: This talk reports on recent progress in amplitude computations for broad
classes of N=2 Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravities,
using the framework provided by color/kinematics duality and the
double-copy construction. After a review of the main theoretical tools, we discuss the extension of the double-copy construction to a particular infinite family of N=2
Maxwell-Einstein theories in four and five dimensions, the generic
Jordan family of supergravities. We show that the global symmetries of these theories can be easily gauged, giving the amplitudes of the corresponding Yang-Mills-Einstein
supergravities. We also discuss how the construction can be modified to
describe spontaneous symmetry breaking. Finally, we present an extension
of the construction that captures an even larger class of N=2
supergravities with homogeneous target spaces.

Ali Mollabashi (IPM)

21 September 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Entanglement in the Field Space: Scalar Field.

Abstract:  I will start with a brief review of how the notion of quantum entanglement is uplifted from QM to QFT. Introducing various types of entanglement in the framework of QFT, the rest of the talk will be focused on a specific type which I call "entanglement in the field space". I will introduce a family of solvable scalar models and report the result of various entanglement measures in these models. I will discuss about some features of their entanglement structure and also about their possible holographic dual.

Gustav Mogull (Edinburgh)

7 September 2016

Å73121 - 13.45

Title: Local integrands for pure Yang-Mills theory.

Abstract: Finding compact integrand representations of amplitudes in pure Yang-Mills theory requires convenient integral bases.  In this seminar I will demonstrate how the infrared divergences of some D-dimensional Feynman integrals can be regulated using special choices of numerators.  These choices are inspired by the existing four-dimensional local integrand structures due to Arkani-Hamed et al, valid only in the planar limit of maximally supersymmetric N=4.